.bar


class: BarOptions

class BarOptions(**kwargs)[source]

General options to apply to all Bar series types. A bar series is a special type of column series where the columns are horizontal.

Bar Example Chart
Class Inheritance
Inheritance diagram of BarOptions

copy(other=None, overwrite=True, **kwargs)

Copy the configuration settings from this instance to the other instance.

Parameters:
  • other (HighchartsMeta) – The target instance to which the properties of this instance should be copied. If None, will create a new instance and populate it with properties copied from self. Defaults to None.

  • overwrite (bool) – if True, properties in other that are already set will be overwritten by their counterparts in self. Defaults to True.

  • kwargs – Additional keyword arguments. Some special descendents of HighchartsMeta may have special implementations of this method which rely on additional keyword arguments.

Returns:

A mutated version of other with new property values

classmethod from_dict(as_dict: dict, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a dict object.

Parameters:
  • as_dict (dict) – A dict representation of the object.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python object representation of as_dict.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_js_literal(as_str_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True, _break_loop_on_failure: bool = False)

Return a Python object representation of a Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • as_str_or_file (str) – The JavaScript object literal, represented either as a str or as a filename which contains the JS object literal.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

  • _break_loop_on_failure (bool) – If True, will break any looping operations in the event of a failure. Otherwise, will attempt to repair the failure. Defaults to False.

Returns:

A Python object representation of the Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_json(as_json_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a JSON string.

Parameters:
  • as_json_or_file – The JSON string for the object or the filename of a file that contains the JSON string.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python objcet representation of as_json.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

get_required_modules(include_extension=False) List[str]

Return the list of URLs from which the Highcharts JavaScript modules needed to render the chart can be retrieved.

Parameters:

include_extension (bool) – if True, will return script names with the '.js' extension included. Defaults to False.

Return type:

list of str

to_dict() dict

Generate a dict representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

The dict representation has a property structure and naming convention that is intentionally consistent with the Highcharts JavaScript library. This is not Pythonic, but it makes managing the interplay between the two languages much, much simpler.

Returns:

A dict representation of the object.

Return type:

dict

to_js_literal(filename=None, encoding='utf-8', careful_validation=False) str | None

Return the object represented as a str containing the JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JavaScript object literal should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

  • careful_validation – if True, will carefully validate JavaScript values

along the way using the esprima-python library. Defaults to False.

Warning

Setting this value to True will significantly degrade serialization performance, though it may prove useful for debugging purposes.

Return type:

str or None

to_json(filename=None, encoding='utf-8')

Generate a JSON string/byte string representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

This method will either return a standard str or a bytes object depending on the JSON serialization library you are using. For example, if your environment has orjson, the result will be a bytes representation of the string.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JSON string should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

Returns:

A JSON representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts library.

Return type:

str or bytes

static trim_dict(untrimmed: dict, to_json: bool = False, context: str = None) dict

Remove keys from untrimmed whose values are None and convert values that have .to_dict() methods.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (dict) – The dict whose values may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all keys from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Returns:

Trimmed dict

Return type:

dict

static trim_iterable(untrimmed, to_json=False, context: str = None)

Convert any EnforcedNullType values in untrimmed to 'null'.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (iterable) – The iterable whose members may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all members from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Return type:

iterable

property accessibility: TypeOptionsAccessibility | None

Accessibility options for a series.

Return type:

TypeOptionsAccessibility or None

property allow_point_select: bool | None

Allow this series’ points to be selected by clicking on the graphic (columns, point markers, pie slices, map areas etc).

The selected points can be handled in JavaScript by point select and unselect events, or collectively by the (JavaScript) getSelectedPoints() function.

And alternative way of selecting points is through dragging.

Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property animation: AnimationOptions | None

Enable or disable the initial animation when a series is displayed.

The animation can also be set as a configuration object. Please note that this option only applies to the initial animation of the series itself. For other animations, see Chart.animation and the animation parameter under the (JavaScript) API methods. The following properties are supported:

  • defer: The animation delay time in milliseconds.

  • duration: The duration of the animation in milliseconds.

  • easing: Can be a string reference to an easing function set on the Math object or a function.

Warning

Due to poor performance, animation is disabled in old IE browsers for several chart types.

Return type:

AnimationOptions or None

property animation_limit: int | float | Decimal | None

For some series, there is a limit that shuts down initial animation by default when the total number of points in the chart is too high. Defaults to None.

For example, for a column chart and its derivatives, animation does not run if there is more than 250 points totally. To disable this cap, set animation_limit to float("inf") (which represents infinity).

Return type:

numeric or None

property boost_blending: str | None

Sets the color blending in the boost module. Defaults to None.

Return type:

str or None

property boost_threshold: int | None

Set the point threshold for when a series should enter boost mode. Defaults to 5000.

Setting it to e.g. 2000 will cause the series to enter boost mode when there are 2,000 or more points in the series.

To disable boosting on the series, set the boost_threshold to 0. Setting it to 1 will force boosting.

Note

The AreaOptions.crop_threshold() also affects this setting.

When zooming in on a series that has fewer points than the crop_threshold, all points are rendered although outside the visible plot area, and the boost_threshold won’t take effect.

Return type:

int or None

property border_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to '#ffffff'.

Return type:

str or None

property border_radius: int | float | Decimal | None

The corner radius of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to 0.

Return type:

numeric or None

property border_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the border surrounding each column or bar. If None, defaults to 1 when there is room for a border, but to 0 when the columns are so dense that a border would cover the next column.

Return type:

numeric or None

property center_in_category: bool | None

If True, the columns will center in the category, ignoring null or missing points. When False, space will be reserved for null or missing points. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property class_name: str | None

The additional CSS class name to apply to the series’ graphical elements.

Note

This option is additive to the default class names - it does not replace them.

Return type:

str or None

property clip: bool | None

If False, allows the series to be rendered in the entire plot area. If True, constrains where the series can be rendered within the plot area. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The main color of the series.

In line type series it applies to the line and the point markers unless otherwise specified. In bar type series it applies to the bars unless a color is specified per point. The default value is pulled from the Options.colors() array.

Returns:

The main color applied to the series.

Return type:

str, Gradient, Pattern`, or None

property color_axis: str | int | bool | None

When using dual or multiple color axes, this setting defines which color axis the particular series is connected to. It refers to either the ColorAxis.id() or the index of the axis in the ColorAxis array, with 0 being the first. Set this option to False to prevent a series from connecting to the default color axis.

Defaults to 0.

Return type:

None or str or int or bool

property color_by_point: bool | None

When using automatic point colors pulled from the global colors or series-specific collections, this option determines whether the chart should receive one color per series (False) or one color per point (True).

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color_index: int | None

When operating in styled mode, a specific color index to use for the series, so that its graphic representations are given the class name highcharts-color-{n}.

Tip

New in version Highcharts: (JS) v.11

With Highcharts (JS) v.11, using CSS variables of the form --highcharts-color-{n} make changing the color scheme very simple.

Defaults to None.

Return type:

int or None

property color_key: str | None

Determines what data value should be used to calculate point color if AreaOptions.color_axis() is used.

Note

Requires to set min and max if some custom point property is used or if approximation for data grouping is set to 'sum'.

Return type:

str or None

property colors: List[str | Gradient | Pattern] | None

A series-specific or series type-specific color set to apply instead of the global colors when BarOptions.color_by_point() is True.

Return type:

list of str, Gradient, or Pattern OR None

property connect_ends: bool | None

If True, connect the ends of a line series plot across the extremes. Defaults to None.

Warning

Applies to polar charts only.

Return type:

bool or None

property connect_nulls: bool | None

If True, connect a graph line across null points. If False, renders a gap between the points on either side of the null point. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property crisp: bool | None

If True, each point or column edge is rounded to its nearest pixel in order to render sharp on screen. Defaults to True.

Hint

In some cases, when there are a lot of densely packed columns, this leads to visible difference in column widths or distance between columns. In these cases, setting crisp to False may look better, even though each column is rendered blurry.

Return type:

bool or None

property crop_threshold: int | None

When the series contains less points than the crop threshold, all points are drawn, even if the points fall outside the visible plot area at the current zoom. Defaults to 300.

The advantage of drawing all points (including markers and columns), is that animation is performed on updates. On the other hand, when the series contains more points than the crop threshold, the series data is cropped to only contain points that fall within the plot area. The advantage of cropping away invisible points is to increase performance on large series.

Return type:

int or None

property cursor: str | None

The style of cursor to use when the user’s mouse hovers over the data series.

Acceptable values are:

  • 'alias'

  • 'all-scroll'

  • 'auto'

  • 'cell'

  • 'col-resize'

  • 'context-menu'

  • 'copy'

  • 'crosshair'

  • 'default'

  • 'e-resize'

  • 'ew-resize'

  • 'grab'

  • 'grabbing'

  • 'help'

  • 'move'

  • 'n-resize'

  • 'ne-resize'

  • 'nesw-resize'

  • 'no-drop'

  • 'none'

  • 'not-allowed'

  • 'ns-resize'

  • 'nw-resize'

  • 'nwse-resize'

  • 'pointer'

  • 'progress'

  • 'row-resize'

  • 's-resize'

  • 'se-resize'

  • 'sw-resize'

  • 'text'

  • 'vertical-text'

  • 'w-resize'

  • 'wait'

  • 'zoom-in'

  • 'zoom-out'

Return type:

str or None

property custom: JavaScriptDict | None

A reserved subspace to store options and values for customized functionality.

Here you can add additional data for your own event callbacks and formatter callbacks.

Return type:

dict or None

property dash_style: str | None

Name of the dash style to use for the graph, or for some series types the outline of each shape.

Accepts one of the following values:

  • ‘Dash’,

  • ‘DashDot’,

  • ‘Dot’,

  • ‘LongDash’,

  • ‘LongDashDot’,

  • ‘LongDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDash’,

  • ‘ShortDashDot’,

  • ‘ShortDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDot’,

  • ‘Solid’

Return type:

str or None

property data_labels: DataLabel | List[DataLabel] | None

Options for the series data labels, appearing next to each data point.

Note

To have multiple data labels per data point, you can also supply a collection of DataLabel configuration settings.

Return type:

DataLabel, list of DataLabel, or None

property data_sorting: DataSorting | None

Options for the series data sorting.

Return type:

DataSorting or None

property depth: int | float | Decimal | None

Depth of the columns in a 3D column chart. Defaults to 25.

Return type:

numeric or None

property description: str | None

A description of the series to add to the screen reader information about the series.

Return type:

str or None

property drag_drop: DragDropOptions | None

The draggable-points module allows points to be moved around or modified in the chart.

In addition to the options mentioned under the dragDrop API structure, the module fires three (JavaScript) events:

  • point.dragStart

  • point.drag

  • point.drop

Return type:

DragDropOptions or None

property edge_color: str | None

The color of the edges when rendering 3D columns. Defaults to None.

Similar to border_color, except it defaults to the same color as the column if set to None.

Return type:

str or None

property edge_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the colored edges applied to a 3D column. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property enable_mouse_tracking: bool | None

If True, enables mouse tracking for the series (used to capture point tooltips, click events on graphs and points, etc.). If False, disables mouse tracking for the series (which can help performance). Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property events: SeriesEvents | None

General event handlers for the series items.

Note

These event hooks can also be attached to the series at run time using the (JavaScript) Highcharts.addEvent() function.

Return type:

SeriesEvents or None

property find_nearest_point_by: str | None

Determines whether the series should look for the nearest point in both dimensions or just the x-dimension when hovering the series.

If None, defaults to 'xy' for scatter series and 'x' for most other series. If the data has duplicate x-values, it is recommended to set this to 'xy' to allow hovering over all points.

Applies only to series types using nearest neighbor search (not direct hover) for tooltip.

Return type:

str or None

property get_extremes_from_all: bool | None

If True, uses the Y extremes of the total chart width or only the zoomed area when zooming in on parts of the X axis. By default, the Y axis adjusts to the min and max of the visible data.

Warning

Applies to Cartesian series only.

Return type:

bool or None

property group_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each value group, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property group_z_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Spacing between columns along the Z axis in a 3D chart. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property grouping: bool | None

If True, groups non-stacked columns. If False, renders them independent of each other. Non-grouped columns will be laid out individually and overlap each other.

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property inactive_other_points: bool | None
If True, highlights only the hovered point and fades the other points.

Defaults to False.

Warning

Scatter-type series require enabling the ‘inactive’ marker state and adjusting opacity. This approach could affect performance

with large datasets.

rtype:

bool or None

property include_in_data_export: bool | None

If False, will prevent the data series from being included in any form of data export. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property keys: List[str] | None

An array specifying which option maps to which key in the data point array.

This makes it convenient to work with unstructured data arrays from different sources.

Return type:

list of str, or None

property label: SeriesLabel | None

Series labels are placed as close to the series as possible in a natural way, seeking to avoid other series. The goal of this feature is to make the chart more easily readable, like if a human designer placed the labels in the optimal position.

Note

The series labels currently work with series types having a graph or an area.

Return type:

SeriesLabel or None

property legend_symbol: str | None

The type of legend symbol to render for the series. Accepts either 'lineMarker' or 'rectangle'. Defaults to 'rectangle'.

Return type:

str

property line_width: int | float | Decimal | None

Pixel width of the graph line. Defaults to 2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property linecap: str | None

The SVG value used for the stroke-linecap and stroke-linejoin of a line graph. Defaults to 'round', which means that lines are rounded in the ends and bends.

Return type:

str or None

property linked_to: str | None

The id of another series to link to.

Hint

The value can be ':previous' to link to the previous series. When two series are linked, only the first one appears in the legend. Toggling the visibility of this also toggles the linked series.

Note

If the master series uses data sorting and linked series does not have its own sorting definition, the linked series will be sorted in the same order as the master one.

Return type:

str or None

property marker: Marker | None

Options for the point markers of line-like series.

Properties like fill_color, line_color and line_width define the visual appearance of the markers. Other series types, like column series, don’t have markers, but have visual options on the series level instead.

Return type:

Marker or None

property max_point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The maximum allowed pixel width for a column, translated to the height of a bar in a bar chart. This prevents the columns from becoming too wide when there is a small number of points in the chart. Defaults to None.

Return type:

numeric or None

property min_point_length: int | float | Decimal | None

The minimal height for a column or width for a bar. Defaults to 0.

By default, 0 values are not shown. To visualize a 0 (or close to zero) point, set the minimal point length to a pixel value like 3.

Warning

In stacked column charts, min_point_length might not be respected for tightly packed values.

Return type:

numeric or None

property negative_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color for the parts of the graph or points that are below the AreaOptions.threshold().

Note

Zones take precedence over the negative color. Using negative_color is equivalent to applying a zone with value of 0.

Return type:

None, Gradient, Pattern, or str

property on_point: OnPointOptions | None

Options for the Series on point feature, which is currently only supported by pie and sunburst chargs.

Return type:

OnPointOptions or None

property opacity: float | None

Opacity of a series parts: line, fill (e.g. area), and labels.

Return type:

float

property point: Point | None

Properties for each single point.

Return type:

Point or None

property point_description_format: str | None

A format string to use instead of the default for point descriptions on the series. Defaults to None.

Note

Overrides the chart-wide configuration, as applicable.

Return type:

str or None

property point_description_formatter: CallbackFunction | None

Same as for Accessibility.series.description_formatter(), only for an individual series. Overrides the chart-wide configuration.

Return type:

CallbackFunction or None

property point_interval: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_interval defines the interval of the x values. Defaults to 1.

For example, if a series contains one value every decade starting from year 0, set point_interval to 10. In true datetime axes, the point_interval is set in milliseconds.

Hint

point_interval can be also be combined with point_interval_unit to draw irregular time intervals.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point, and the point_interval is added x times to the point_start setting.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_interval_unit: str | None

On datetime series, this allows for setting the point_interval to irregular time units, day, month, and year.

A day is usually the same as 24 hours, but point_interval_unit also takes the DST crossover into consideration when dealing with local time.

Combine this option with point_interval to draw weeks, quarters, 6 month periods, 10 year periods, etc.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

str or None

property point_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each column or bar, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_placement: str | int | float | Decimal | None

Used to determine the placement of the point in relation to tick marks on the X axis. Defaults to None, which behaves as undefined in cartesian charts, and "between" in polar charts.

Accepts possible values:

  • 'on' - where the point will not create any padding of the X axis. In a polar column chart this means that the first column points directly north.

  • "between" - where the columns will be laid out between ticks. This is useful for example for visualising an amount between two points in time or in a certain sector of a polar chart.

  • a numeric value - where 0 is on the axis value, -0.5 is between this value and the previous, and 0.5 is between this value and the next. Unlike the textual options, numeric point placement options won’t affect axis padding.

Warning

Requires point_range to work. For column series this is computed, but for line-type series it needs to be set.

Note

For the xrange series type and gantt charts, if the Y axis is a category axis, the point_placement applies to the Y axis rather than the (typically datetime) X axis.

Return type:

str or None

property point_range: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The X axis range that each point is valid for, which determines the width of the column. Defaults to EnforcedNull, which computes the range automatically.

On a categorized axis, the range will be 1 by default (one category unit). On linear and datetime axes, the range will be computed as the distance between the two closest data points.

The default EnforcedNull means it is computed automatically, but the setting can be used to override the default value.

Note

If data_sorting is enabled, the default value is implicitly adjusted to 1.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property point_start: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_start defines on what value to start. For example, if a series contains one yearly value starting from 1945, set point_start to 1945. Defaults to 0.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point. The x value from the point options is multiplied by point_interval and added to point_start to produce a modified x value.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

A pixel value specifying a fixed width for each column or bar point. When set to None, the width is calculated from the point_padding and group_padding. Defaults to None.

The width effects the dimension that is not based on the point value. For column series, this is the hoizontal length while for bar series it is the vertical length.

Return type:

numeric or None

property relative_x_value: bool | None

When True, X values in the data set are relative to the current point_start, point_interval, and point_interval_unit settings. This allows compression of the data for datasets with irregular X values. Defaults to False.

The real X values are computed on the formula f(x) = ax + b, where a is the point_interval (optionally with a time unit given by point_interval_unit), and b is the point_start.

Return type:

bool or None

property selected: bool | None

If True, the series is selected initially (by default, without user interaction). Defaults to False.

Note

If GenericTypeOptions.show_checkbox() is True, then the checkbox will be checked if selected is True.

Return type:

bool or None

property shadow: bool | ShadowOptions | None

Configuration for the shadow to apply to the tooltip. Defaults to False.

If False, no shadow is applied.

Returns:

The shadow configuration to apply or a boolean setting which hides the shadow or displays the default shadow.

Return type:

bool or ShadowOptions

property show_checkbox: bool | None

If True, a checkbox is displayed next to the legend item to allow selecting the series.

Note

The state of the checkbox is controlled by the GenericTypeOptions.selected() property.

Return type:

bool or None

property show_in_legend: bool | None

Whether to display this particular series or series type in the legend. Standalone series are shown in the legend by default, and linked series are not.

Return type:

bool or None

property skip_keyboard_navigation: bool | None

If True, the accessibility module will skip past this series when executing keyboard navigation.

Return type:

bool or None

property soft_threshold: bool | None

When True, the series will not cause the Y axis to cross the zero plane (or threshold option) unless the data actually crosses the plane. Defaults to True.

For example, if False, a series of 0, 1, 2, 3 will make the Y axis show negative values according to the min_padidng option. If True, the Y axis starts at 0.

Return type:

bool

property sonification: SeriesSonification | None

Sonification configuration for the series type/series.

Return type:

SeriesSonification or None

property stacking: str | None

Whether to stack the values of each series on top of each other. Defaults to None.

Acceptable values are:

  • None to disable stacking,

  • "normal" to stack by value or

  • "percent"

  • 'stream' (for streamgraph series type only)

  • 'overlap' (for waterfall series type only)

Note

When stacking is enabled, data must be sorted in ascending X order.

Return type:

str or None

property states: States | None

Configuration for state-specific configuration to apply to the data series.

Return type:

States or None

property step: str | None

Whether to apply steps to the line. Defaults to None.

Possible values are:

  • None

  • 'left'

  • 'center'

  • 'right'

Return type:

str or None

property sticky_tracking: bool | None

Sticky tracking of mouse events.

When True, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is not triggered until the mouse moves over another series, or out of the plot area.

When False, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is triggered when the mouse leaves the area around the series’ graph or markers. This also implies the tooltip when not shared.

When False and PlotOptions.tooltip.shared() is also False, the tooltip will be hidden when moving the mouse between series.

Defaults to True for line and area type series, but to False for columns, pies, etc.

Note

The boost module will force this option because of technical limitations.

Return type:

bool or None

property threshold: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The Y axis value to serve as the base for the columns, for distinguishing between values above and below a threshold. Defaults to 0.

If EnforcedNullType, the columns extend from the padding Y axis minimum.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property tooltip: Tooltip | None

A configuration object for the tooltip rendering of each single series. Properties are inherited from tooltip, but only the following properties can be defined on a series level.

Return type:

Tooltip or None

property turbo_threshold: int | None

When a series contains a data array longer than this value, only one dimensional arrays of numbers, or two dimensional arrays with x and y values are allowed. Also, only the first point is tested, and the rest are assumed to be the same format. This saves expensive data checking and indexing in long series. Set it to 0 or None to disable.

Defaults to 1000.

Note

In boost mode, turbo threshold is forced. Only array of numbers or two dimensional arrays are allowed.

Return type:

int or None

property type: str

Indicates the type of series that is represented by this instance.

Warning

This proprety is read-only!

Return type:

str

property visible: bool | None

If True, the series is initially visible. If False, the series is hidden by default. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property zone_axis: str | None

Defines the Axis on which the zones are applied. Defaults to 'y'.

Return type:

str or None

property zones: List[Zone] | None

An array defining zones within a series. Defaults to None.

Zones can be applied to the X axis, Y axis or Z axis for bubbles, according to the zone_axis setting.

Warning

The zone definitions have to be in ascending order regarding to the value.

Return type:

None or list of Zone instances


class: ColumnOptions

class ColumnOptions(**kwargs)[source]

General options to apply to all Column series types.

Column series display one column per value along an X axis.

Column Example Chart
Class Inheritance
Inheritance diagram of ColumnOptions

copy(other=None, overwrite=True, **kwargs)

Copy the configuration settings from this instance to the other instance.

Parameters:
  • other (HighchartsMeta) – The target instance to which the properties of this instance should be copied. If None, will create a new instance and populate it with properties copied from self. Defaults to None.

  • overwrite (bool) – if True, properties in other that are already set will be overwritten by their counterparts in self. Defaults to True.

  • kwargs – Additional keyword arguments. Some special descendents of HighchartsMeta may have special implementations of this method which rely on additional keyword arguments.

Returns:

A mutated version of other with new property values

classmethod from_dict(as_dict: dict, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a dict object.

Parameters:
  • as_dict (dict) – A dict representation of the object.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python object representation of as_dict.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_js_literal(as_str_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True, _break_loop_on_failure: bool = False)

Return a Python object representation of a Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • as_str_or_file (str) – The JavaScript object literal, represented either as a str or as a filename which contains the JS object literal.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

  • _break_loop_on_failure (bool) – If True, will break any looping operations in the event of a failure. Otherwise, will attempt to repair the failure. Defaults to False.

Returns:

A Python object representation of the Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_json(as_json_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a JSON string.

Parameters:
  • as_json_or_file – The JSON string for the object or the filename of a file that contains the JSON string.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python objcet representation of as_json.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

get_required_modules(include_extension=False) List[str]

Return the list of URLs from which the Highcharts JavaScript modules needed to render the chart can be retrieved.

Parameters:

include_extension (bool) – if True, will return script names with the '.js' extension included. Defaults to False.

Return type:

list of str

to_dict() dict

Generate a dict representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

The dict representation has a property structure and naming convention that is intentionally consistent with the Highcharts JavaScript library. This is not Pythonic, but it makes managing the interplay between the two languages much, much simpler.

Returns:

A dict representation of the object.

Return type:

dict

to_js_literal(filename=None, encoding='utf-8', careful_validation=False) str | None

Return the object represented as a str containing the JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JavaScript object literal should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

  • careful_validation – if True, will carefully validate JavaScript values

along the way using the esprima-python library. Defaults to False.

Warning

Setting this value to True will significantly degrade serialization performance, though it may prove useful for debugging purposes.

Return type:

str or None

to_json(filename=None, encoding='utf-8')

Generate a JSON string/byte string representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

This method will either return a standard str or a bytes object depending on the JSON serialization library you are using. For example, if your environment has orjson, the result will be a bytes representation of the string.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JSON string should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

Returns:

A JSON representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts library.

Return type:

str or bytes

static trim_dict(untrimmed: dict, to_json: bool = False, context: str = None) dict

Remove keys from untrimmed whose values are None and convert values that have .to_dict() methods.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (dict) – The dict whose values may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all keys from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Returns:

Trimmed dict

Return type:

dict

static trim_iterable(untrimmed, to_json=False, context: str = None)

Convert any EnforcedNullType values in untrimmed to 'null'.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (iterable) – The iterable whose members may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all members from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Return type:

iterable

property accessibility: TypeOptionsAccessibility | None

Accessibility options for a series.

Return type:

TypeOptionsAccessibility or None

property allow_point_select: bool | None

Allow this series’ points to be selected by clicking on the graphic (columns, point markers, pie slices, map areas etc).

The selected points can be handled in JavaScript by point select and unselect events, or collectively by the (JavaScript) getSelectedPoints() function.

And alternative way of selecting points is through dragging.

Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property animation: AnimationOptions | None

Enable or disable the initial animation when a series is displayed.

The animation can also be set as a configuration object. Please note that this option only applies to the initial animation of the series itself. For other animations, see Chart.animation and the animation parameter under the (JavaScript) API methods. The following properties are supported:

  • defer: The animation delay time in milliseconds.

  • duration: The duration of the animation in milliseconds.

  • easing: Can be a string reference to an easing function set on the Math object or a function.

Warning

Due to poor performance, animation is disabled in old IE browsers for several chart types.

Return type:

AnimationOptions or None

property animation_limit: int | float | Decimal | None

For some series, there is a limit that shuts down initial animation by default when the total number of points in the chart is too high. Defaults to None.

For example, for a column chart and its derivatives, animation does not run if there is more than 250 points totally. To disable this cap, set animation_limit to float("inf") (which represents infinity).

Return type:

numeric or None

property boost_blending: str | None

Sets the color blending in the boost module. Defaults to None.

Return type:

str or None

property boost_threshold: int | None

Set the point threshold for when a series should enter boost mode. Defaults to 5000.

Setting it to e.g. 2000 will cause the series to enter boost mode when there are 2,000 or more points in the series.

To disable boosting on the series, set the boost_threshold to 0. Setting it to 1 will force boosting.

Note

The AreaOptions.crop_threshold() also affects this setting.

When zooming in on a series that has fewer points than the crop_threshold, all points are rendered although outside the visible plot area, and the boost_threshold won’t take effect.

Return type:

int or None

property border_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to '#ffffff'.

Return type:

str or None

property border_radius: int | float | Decimal | None

The corner radius of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to 0.

Return type:

numeric or None

property border_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the border surrounding each column or bar. If None, defaults to 1 when there is room for a border, but to 0 when the columns are so dense that a border would cover the next column.

Return type:

numeric or None

property center_in_category: bool | None

If True, the columns will center in the category, ignoring null or missing points. When False, space will be reserved for null or missing points. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property class_name: str | None

The additional CSS class name to apply to the series’ graphical elements.

Note

This option is additive to the default class names - it does not replace them.

Return type:

str or None

property clip: bool | None

If False, allows the series to be rendered in the entire plot area. If True, constrains where the series can be rendered within the plot area. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The main color of the series.

In line type series it applies to the line and the point markers unless otherwise specified. In bar type series it applies to the bars unless a color is specified per point. The default value is pulled from the Options.colors() array.

Returns:

The main color applied to the series.

Return type:

str, Gradient, Pattern`, or None

property color_axis: str | int | bool | None

When using dual or multiple color axes, this setting defines which color axis the particular series is connected to. It refers to either the ColorAxis.id() or the index of the axis in the ColorAxis array, with 0 being the first. Set this option to False to prevent a series from connecting to the default color axis.

Defaults to 0.

Return type:

None or str or int or bool

property color_by_point: bool | None

When using automatic point colors pulled from the global colors or series-specific collections, this option determines whether the chart should receive one color per series (False) or one color per point (True).

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color_index: int | None

When operating in styled mode, a specific color index to use for the series, so that its graphic representations are given the class name highcharts-color-{n}.

Tip

New in version Highcharts: (JS) v.11

With Highcharts (JS) v.11, using CSS variables of the form --highcharts-color-{n} make changing the color scheme very simple.

Defaults to None.

Return type:

int or None

property color_key: str | None

Determines what data value should be used to calculate point color if AreaOptions.color_axis() is used.

Note

Requires to set min and max if some custom point property is used or if approximation for data grouping is set to 'sum'.

Return type:

str or None

property colors: List[str | Gradient | Pattern] | None

A series-specific or series type-specific color set to apply instead of the global colors when BarOptions.color_by_point() is True.

Return type:

list of str, Gradient, or Pattern OR None

property connect_ends: bool | None

If True, connect the ends of a line series plot across the extremes. Defaults to None.

Warning

Applies to polar charts only.

Return type:

bool or None

property connect_nulls: bool | None

If True, connect a graph line across null points. If False, renders a gap between the points on either side of the null point. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property crisp: bool | None

If True, each point or column edge is rounded to its nearest pixel in order to render sharp on screen. Defaults to True.

Hint

In some cases, when there are a lot of densely packed columns, this leads to visible difference in column widths or distance between columns. In these cases, setting crisp to False may look better, even though each column is rendered blurry.

Return type:

bool or None

property crop_threshold: int | None

When the series contains less points than the crop threshold, all points are drawn, even if the points fall outside the visible plot area at the current zoom. Defaults to 300.

The advantage of drawing all points (including markers and columns), is that animation is performed on updates. On the other hand, when the series contains more points than the crop threshold, the series data is cropped to only contain points that fall within the plot area. The advantage of cropping away invisible points is to increase performance on large series.

Return type:

int or None

property cursor: str | None

The style of cursor to use when the user’s mouse hovers over the data series.

Acceptable values are:

  • 'alias'

  • 'all-scroll'

  • 'auto'

  • 'cell'

  • 'col-resize'

  • 'context-menu'

  • 'copy'

  • 'crosshair'

  • 'default'

  • 'e-resize'

  • 'ew-resize'

  • 'grab'

  • 'grabbing'

  • 'help'

  • 'move'

  • 'n-resize'

  • 'ne-resize'

  • 'nesw-resize'

  • 'no-drop'

  • 'none'

  • 'not-allowed'

  • 'ns-resize'

  • 'nw-resize'

  • 'nwse-resize'

  • 'pointer'

  • 'progress'

  • 'row-resize'

  • 's-resize'

  • 'se-resize'

  • 'sw-resize'

  • 'text'

  • 'vertical-text'

  • 'w-resize'

  • 'wait'

  • 'zoom-in'

  • 'zoom-out'

Return type:

str or None

property custom: JavaScriptDict | None

A reserved subspace to store options and values for customized functionality.

Here you can add additional data for your own event callbacks and formatter callbacks.

Return type:

dict or None

property dash_style: str | None

Name of the dash style to use for the graph, or for some series types the outline of each shape.

Accepts one of the following values:

  • ‘Dash’,

  • ‘DashDot’,

  • ‘Dot’,

  • ‘LongDash’,

  • ‘LongDashDot’,

  • ‘LongDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDash’,

  • ‘ShortDashDot’,

  • ‘ShortDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDot’,

  • ‘Solid’

Return type:

str or None

property data_labels: DataLabel | List[DataLabel] | None

Options for the series data labels, appearing next to each data point.

Note

To have multiple data labels per data point, you can also supply a collection of DataLabel configuration settings.

Return type:

DataLabel, list of DataLabel, or None

property data_sorting: DataSorting | None

Options for the series data sorting.

Return type:

DataSorting or None

property depth: int | float | Decimal | None

Depth of the columns in a 3D column chart. Defaults to 25.

Return type:

numeric or None

property description: str | None

A description of the series to add to the screen reader information about the series.

Return type:

str or None

property drag_drop: DragDropOptions | None

The draggable-points module allows points to be moved around or modified in the chart.

In addition to the options mentioned under the dragDrop API structure, the module fires three (JavaScript) events:

  • point.dragStart

  • point.drag

  • point.drop

Return type:

DragDropOptions or None

property edge_color: str | None

The color of the edges when rendering 3D columns. Defaults to None.

Similar to border_color, except it defaults to the same color as the column if set to None.

Return type:

str or None

property edge_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the colored edges applied to a 3D column. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property enable_mouse_tracking: bool | None

If True, enables mouse tracking for the series (used to capture point tooltips, click events on graphs and points, etc.). If False, disables mouse tracking for the series (which can help performance). Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property events: SeriesEvents | None

General event handlers for the series items.

Note

These event hooks can also be attached to the series at run time using the (JavaScript) Highcharts.addEvent() function.

Return type:

SeriesEvents or None

property find_nearest_point_by: str | None

Determines whether the series should look for the nearest point in both dimensions or just the x-dimension when hovering the series.

If None, defaults to 'xy' for scatter series and 'x' for most other series. If the data has duplicate x-values, it is recommended to set this to 'xy' to allow hovering over all points.

Applies only to series types using nearest neighbor search (not direct hover) for tooltip.

Return type:

str or None

property get_extremes_from_all: bool | None

If True, uses the Y extremes of the total chart width or only the zoomed area when zooming in on parts of the X axis. By default, the Y axis adjusts to the min and max of the visible data.

Warning

Applies to Cartesian series only.

Return type:

bool or None

property group_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each value group, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property group_z_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Spacing between columns along the Z axis in a 3D chart. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property grouping: bool | None

If True, groups non-stacked columns. If False, renders them independent of each other. Non-grouped columns will be laid out individually and overlap each other.

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property inactive_other_points: bool | None
If True, highlights only the hovered point and fades the other points.

Defaults to False.

Warning

Scatter-type series require enabling the ‘inactive’ marker state and adjusting opacity. This approach could affect performance

with large datasets.

rtype:

bool or None

property include_in_data_export: bool | None

If False, will prevent the data series from being included in any form of data export. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property keys: List[str] | None

An array specifying which option maps to which key in the data point array.

This makes it convenient to work with unstructured data arrays from different sources.

Return type:

list of str, or None

property label: SeriesLabel | None

Series labels are placed as close to the series as possible in a natural way, seeking to avoid other series. The goal of this feature is to make the chart more easily readable, like if a human designer placed the labels in the optimal position.

Note

The series labels currently work with series types having a graph or an area.

Return type:

SeriesLabel or None

property legend_symbol: str | None

The type of legend symbol to render for the series. Accepts either 'lineMarker' or 'rectangle'. Defaults to 'rectangle'.

Return type:

str

property line_width: int | float | Decimal | None

Pixel width of the graph line. Defaults to 2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property linecap: str | None

The SVG value used for the stroke-linecap and stroke-linejoin of a line graph. Defaults to 'round', which means that lines are rounded in the ends and bends.

Return type:

str or None

property linked_to: str | None

The id of another series to link to.

Hint

The value can be ':previous' to link to the previous series. When two series are linked, only the first one appears in the legend. Toggling the visibility of this also toggles the linked series.

Note

If the master series uses data sorting and linked series does not have its own sorting definition, the linked series will be sorted in the same order as the master one.

Return type:

str or None

property marker: Marker | None

Options for the point markers of line-like series.

Properties like fill_color, line_color and line_width define the visual appearance of the markers. Other series types, like column series, don’t have markers, but have visual options on the series level instead.

Return type:

Marker or None

property max_point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The maximum allowed pixel width for a column, translated to the height of a bar in a bar chart. This prevents the columns from becoming too wide when there is a small number of points in the chart. Defaults to None.

Return type:

numeric or None

property min_point_length: int | float | Decimal | None

The minimal height for a column or width for a bar. Defaults to 0.

By default, 0 values are not shown. To visualize a 0 (or close to zero) point, set the minimal point length to a pixel value like 3.

Warning

In stacked column charts, min_point_length might not be respected for tightly packed values.

Return type:

numeric or None

property negative_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color for the parts of the graph or points that are below the AreaOptions.threshold().

Note

Zones take precedence over the negative color. Using negative_color is equivalent to applying a zone with value of 0.

Return type:

None, Gradient, Pattern, or str

property on_point: OnPointOptions | None

Options for the Series on point feature, which is currently only supported by pie and sunburst chargs.

Return type:

OnPointOptions or None

property opacity: float | None

Opacity of a series parts: line, fill (e.g. area), and labels.

Return type:

float

property point: Point | None

Properties for each single point.

Return type:

Point or None

property point_description_format: str | None

A format string to use instead of the default for point descriptions on the series. Defaults to None.

Note

Overrides the chart-wide configuration, as applicable.

Return type:

str or None

property point_description_formatter: CallbackFunction | None

Same as for Accessibility.series.description_formatter(), only for an individual series. Overrides the chart-wide configuration.

Return type:

CallbackFunction or None

property point_interval: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_interval defines the interval of the x values. Defaults to 1.

For example, if a series contains one value every decade starting from year 0, set point_interval to 10. In true datetime axes, the point_interval is set in milliseconds.

Hint

point_interval can be also be combined with point_interval_unit to draw irregular time intervals.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point, and the point_interval is added x times to the point_start setting.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_interval_unit: str | None

On datetime series, this allows for setting the point_interval to irregular time units, day, month, and year.

A day is usually the same as 24 hours, but point_interval_unit also takes the DST crossover into consideration when dealing with local time.

Combine this option with point_interval to draw weeks, quarters, 6 month periods, 10 year periods, etc.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

str or None

property point_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each column or bar, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_placement: str | int | float | Decimal | None

Used to determine the placement of the point in relation to tick marks on the X axis. Defaults to None, which behaves as undefined in cartesian charts, and "between" in polar charts.

Accepts possible values:

  • 'on' - where the point will not create any padding of the X axis. In a polar column chart this means that the first column points directly north.

  • "between" - where the columns will be laid out between ticks. This is useful for example for visualising an amount between two points in time or in a certain sector of a polar chart.

  • a numeric value - where 0 is on the axis value, -0.5 is between this value and the previous, and 0.5 is between this value and the next. Unlike the textual options, numeric point placement options won’t affect axis padding.

Warning

Requires point_range to work. For column series this is computed, but for line-type series it needs to be set.

Note

For the xrange series type and gantt charts, if the Y axis is a category axis, the point_placement applies to the Y axis rather than the (typically datetime) X axis.

Return type:

str or None

property point_range: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The X axis range that each point is valid for, which determines the width of the column. Defaults to EnforcedNull, which computes the range automatically.

On a categorized axis, the range will be 1 by default (one category unit). On linear and datetime axes, the range will be computed as the distance between the two closest data points.

The default EnforcedNull means it is computed automatically, but the setting can be used to override the default value.

Note

If data_sorting is enabled, the default value is implicitly adjusted to 1.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property point_start: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_start defines on what value to start. For example, if a series contains one yearly value starting from 1945, set point_start to 1945. Defaults to 0.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point. The x value from the point options is multiplied by point_interval and added to point_start to produce a modified x value.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

A pixel value specifying a fixed width for each column or bar point. When set to None, the width is calculated from the point_padding and group_padding. Defaults to None.

The width effects the dimension that is not based on the point value. For column series, this is the hoizontal length while for bar series it is the vertical length.

Return type:

numeric or None

property relative_x_value: bool | None

When True, X values in the data set are relative to the current point_start, point_interval, and point_interval_unit settings. This allows compression of the data for datasets with irregular X values. Defaults to False.

The real X values are computed on the formula f(x) = ax + b, where a is the point_interval (optionally with a time unit given by point_interval_unit), and b is the point_start.

Return type:

bool or None

property selected: bool | None

If True, the series is selected initially (by default, without user interaction). Defaults to False.

Note

If GenericTypeOptions.show_checkbox() is True, then the checkbox will be checked if selected is True.

Return type:

bool or None

property shadow: bool | ShadowOptions | None

Configuration for the shadow to apply to the tooltip. Defaults to False.

If False, no shadow is applied.

Returns:

The shadow configuration to apply or a boolean setting which hides the shadow or displays the default shadow.

Return type:

bool or ShadowOptions

property show_checkbox: bool | None

If True, a checkbox is displayed next to the legend item to allow selecting the series.

Note

The state of the checkbox is controlled by the GenericTypeOptions.selected() property.

Return type:

bool or None

property show_in_legend: bool | None

Whether to display this particular series or series type in the legend. Standalone series are shown in the legend by default, and linked series are not.

Return type:

bool or None

property skip_keyboard_navigation: bool | None

If True, the accessibility module will skip past this series when executing keyboard navigation.

Return type:

bool or None

property soft_threshold: bool | None

When True, the series will not cause the Y axis to cross the zero plane (or threshold option) unless the data actually crosses the plane. Defaults to True.

For example, if False, a series of 0, 1, 2, 3 will make the Y axis show negative values according to the min_padidng option. If True, the Y axis starts at 0.

Return type:

bool

property sonification: SeriesSonification | None

Sonification configuration for the series type/series.

Return type:

SeriesSonification or None

property stacking: str | None

Whether to stack the values of each series on top of each other. Defaults to None.

Acceptable values are:

  • None to disable stacking,

  • "normal" to stack by value or

  • "percent"

  • 'stream' (for streamgraph series type only)

  • 'overlap' (for waterfall series type only)

Note

When stacking is enabled, data must be sorted in ascending X order.

Return type:

str or None

property states: States | None

Configuration for state-specific configuration to apply to the data series.

Return type:

States or None

property step: str | None

Whether to apply steps to the line. Defaults to None.

Possible values are:

  • None

  • 'left'

  • 'center'

  • 'right'

Return type:

str or None

property sticky_tracking: bool | None

Sticky tracking of mouse events.

When True, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is not triggered until the mouse moves over another series, or out of the plot area.

When False, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is triggered when the mouse leaves the area around the series’ graph or markers. This also implies the tooltip when not shared.

When False and PlotOptions.tooltip.shared() is also False, the tooltip will be hidden when moving the mouse between series.

Defaults to True for line and area type series, but to False for columns, pies, etc.

Note

The boost module will force this option because of technical limitations.

Return type:

bool or None

property threshold: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The Y axis value to serve as the base for the columns, for distinguishing between values above and below a threshold. Defaults to 0.

If EnforcedNullType, the columns extend from the padding Y axis minimum.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property tooltip: Tooltip | None

A configuration object for the tooltip rendering of each single series. Properties are inherited from tooltip, but only the following properties can be defined on a series level.

Return type:

Tooltip or None

property turbo_threshold: int | None

When a series contains a data array longer than this value, only one dimensional arrays of numbers, or two dimensional arrays with x and y values are allowed. Also, only the first point is tested, and the rest are assumed to be the same format. This saves expensive data checking and indexing in long series. Set it to 0 or None to disable.

Defaults to 1000.

Note

In boost mode, turbo threshold is forced. Only array of numbers or two dimensional arrays are allowed.

Return type:

int or None

property type: str

Indicates the type of series that is represented by this instance.

Warning

This proprety is read-only!

Return type:

str

property visible: bool | None

If True, the series is initially visible. If False, the series is hidden by default. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property zone_axis: str | None

Defines the Axis on which the zones are applied. Defaults to 'y'.

Return type:

str or None

property zones: List[Zone] | None

An array defining zones within a series. Defaults to None.

Zones can be applied to the X axis, Y axis or Z axis for bubbles, according to the zone_axis setting.

Warning

The zone definitions have to be in ascending order regarding to the value.

Return type:

None or list of Zone instances


class: ColumnPyramidOptions

class ColumnPyramidOptions(**kwargs)[source]

General options to apply to all Column Pyramid series types.

Column Pyramid series display one pyramid per value along an X axis.

Hint

To display horizontal pyramids, set Chart.inverted() to True.

ColumnPyramid Example Chart
Class Inheritance
Inheritance diagram of ColumnPyramidOptions

copy(other=None, overwrite=True, **kwargs)

Copy the configuration settings from this instance to the other instance.

Parameters:
  • other (HighchartsMeta) – The target instance to which the properties of this instance should be copied. If None, will create a new instance and populate it with properties copied from self. Defaults to None.

  • overwrite (bool) – if True, properties in other that are already set will be overwritten by their counterparts in self. Defaults to True.

  • kwargs – Additional keyword arguments. Some special descendents of HighchartsMeta may have special implementations of this method which rely on additional keyword arguments.

Returns:

A mutated version of other with new property values

classmethod from_dict(as_dict: dict, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a dict object.

Parameters:
  • as_dict (dict) – A dict representation of the object.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python object representation of as_dict.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_js_literal(as_str_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True, _break_loop_on_failure: bool = False)

Return a Python object representation of a Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • as_str_or_file (str) – The JavaScript object literal, represented either as a str or as a filename which contains the JS object literal.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

  • _break_loop_on_failure (bool) – If True, will break any looping operations in the event of a failure. Otherwise, will attempt to repair the failure. Defaults to False.

Returns:

A Python object representation of the Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_json(as_json_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a JSON string.

Parameters:
  • as_json_or_file – The JSON string for the object or the filename of a file that contains the JSON string.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python objcet representation of as_json.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

get_required_modules(include_extension=False) List[str]

Return the list of URLs from which the Highcharts JavaScript modules needed to render the chart can be retrieved.

Parameters:

include_extension (bool) – if True, will return script names with the '.js' extension included. Defaults to False.

Return type:

list of str

to_dict() dict

Generate a dict representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

The dict representation has a property structure and naming convention that is intentionally consistent with the Highcharts JavaScript library. This is not Pythonic, but it makes managing the interplay between the two languages much, much simpler.

Returns:

A dict representation of the object.

Return type:

dict

to_js_literal(filename=None, encoding='utf-8', careful_validation=False) str | None

Return the object represented as a str containing the JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JavaScript object literal should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

  • careful_validation – if True, will carefully validate JavaScript values

along the way using the esprima-python library. Defaults to False.

Warning

Setting this value to True will significantly degrade serialization performance, though it may prove useful for debugging purposes.

Return type:

str or None

to_json(filename=None, encoding='utf-8')

Generate a JSON string/byte string representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

This method will either return a standard str or a bytes object depending on the JSON serialization library you are using. For example, if your environment has orjson, the result will be a bytes representation of the string.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JSON string should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

Returns:

A JSON representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts library.

Return type:

str or bytes

static trim_dict(untrimmed: dict, to_json: bool = False, context: str = None) dict

Remove keys from untrimmed whose values are None and convert values that have .to_dict() methods.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (dict) – The dict whose values may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all keys from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Returns:

Trimmed dict

Return type:

dict

static trim_iterable(untrimmed, to_json=False, context: str = None)

Convert any EnforcedNullType values in untrimmed to 'null'.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (iterable) – The iterable whose members may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all members from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Return type:

iterable

property accessibility: TypeOptionsAccessibility | None

Accessibility options for a series.

Return type:

TypeOptionsAccessibility or None

property allow_point_select: bool | None

Allow this series’ points to be selected by clicking on the graphic (columns, point markers, pie slices, map areas etc).

The selected points can be handled in JavaScript by point select and unselect events, or collectively by the (JavaScript) getSelectedPoints() function.

And alternative way of selecting points is through dragging.

Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property animation: AnimationOptions | None

Enable or disable the initial animation when a series is displayed.

The animation can also be set as a configuration object. Please note that this option only applies to the initial animation of the series itself. For other animations, see Chart.animation and the animation parameter under the (JavaScript) API methods. The following properties are supported:

  • defer: The animation delay time in milliseconds.

  • duration: The duration of the animation in milliseconds.

  • easing: Can be a string reference to an easing function set on the Math object or a function.

Warning

Due to poor performance, animation is disabled in old IE browsers for several chart types.

Return type:

AnimationOptions or None

property animation_limit: int | float | Decimal | None

For some series, there is a limit that shuts down initial animation by default when the total number of points in the chart is too high. Defaults to None.

For example, for a column chart and its derivatives, animation does not run if there is more than 250 points totally. To disable this cap, set animation_limit to float("inf") (which represents infinity).

Return type:

numeric or None

property boost_blending: str | None

Sets the color blending in the boost module. Defaults to None.

Return type:

str or None

property boost_threshold: int | None

Set the point threshold for when a series should enter boost mode. Defaults to 5000.

Setting it to e.g. 2000 will cause the series to enter boost mode when there are 2,000 or more points in the series.

To disable boosting on the series, set the boost_threshold to 0. Setting it to 1 will force boosting.

Note

The AreaOptions.crop_threshold() also affects this setting.

When zooming in on a series that has fewer points than the crop_threshold, all points are rendered although outside the visible plot area, and the boost_threshold won’t take effect.

Return type:

int or None

property border_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to '#ffffff'.

Return type:

str or None

property border_radius: int | float | Decimal | None

The corner radius of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to 0.

Return type:

numeric or None

property border_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the border surrounding each column or bar. If None, defaults to 1 when there is room for a border, but to 0 when the columns are so dense that a border would cover the next column.

Return type:

numeric or None

property center_in_category: bool | None

If True, the columns will center in the category, ignoring null or missing points. When False, space will be reserved for null or missing points. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property class_name: str | None

The additional CSS class name to apply to the series’ graphical elements.

Note

This option is additive to the default class names - it does not replace them.

Return type:

str or None

property clip: bool | None

If False, allows the series to be rendered in the entire plot area. If True, constrains where the series can be rendered within the plot area. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The main color of the series.

In line type series it applies to the line and the point markers unless otherwise specified. In bar type series it applies to the bars unless a color is specified per point. The default value is pulled from the Options.colors() array.

Returns:

The main color applied to the series.

Return type:

str, Gradient, Pattern`, or None

property color_axis: str | int | bool | None

When using dual or multiple color axes, this setting defines which color axis the particular series is connected to. It refers to either the ColorAxis.id() or the index of the axis in the ColorAxis array, with 0 being the first. Set this option to False to prevent a series from connecting to the default color axis.

Defaults to 0.

Return type:

None or str or int or bool

property color_by_point: bool | None

When using automatic point colors pulled from the global colors or series-specific collections, this option determines whether the chart should receive one color per series (False) or one color per point (True).

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color_index: int | None

When operating in styled mode, a specific color index to use for the series, so that its graphic representations are given the class name highcharts-color-{n}.

Tip

New in version Highcharts: (JS) v.11

With Highcharts (JS) v.11, using CSS variables of the form --highcharts-color-{n} make changing the color scheme very simple.

Defaults to None.

Return type:

int or None

property color_key: str | None

Determines what data value should be used to calculate point color if AreaOptions.color_axis() is used.

Note

Requires to set min and max if some custom point property is used or if approximation for data grouping is set to 'sum'.

Return type:

str or None

property colors: List[str | Gradient | Pattern] | None

A series-specific or series type-specific color set to apply instead of the global colors when BarOptions.color_by_point() is True.

Return type:

list of str, Gradient, or Pattern OR None

property connect_ends: bool | None

If True, connect the ends of a line series plot across the extremes. Defaults to None.

Warning

Applies to polar charts only.

Return type:

bool or None

property connect_nulls: bool | None

If True, connect a graph line across null points. If False, renders a gap between the points on either side of the null point. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property crisp: bool | None

If True, each point or column edge is rounded to its nearest pixel in order to render sharp on screen. Defaults to True.

Hint

In some cases, when there are a lot of densely packed columns, this leads to visible difference in column widths or distance between columns. In these cases, setting crisp to False may look better, even though each column is rendered blurry.

Return type:

bool or None

property crop_threshold: int | None

When the series contains less points than the crop threshold, all points are drawn, even if the points fall outside the visible plot area at the current zoom. Defaults to 300.

The advantage of drawing all points (including markers and columns), is that animation is performed on updates. On the other hand, when the series contains more points than the crop threshold, the series data is cropped to only contain points that fall within the plot area. The advantage of cropping away invisible points is to increase performance on large series.

Return type:

int or None

property cursor: str | None

The style of cursor to use when the user’s mouse hovers over the data series.

Acceptable values are:

  • 'alias'

  • 'all-scroll'

  • 'auto'

  • 'cell'

  • 'col-resize'

  • 'context-menu'

  • 'copy'

  • 'crosshair'

  • 'default'

  • 'e-resize'

  • 'ew-resize'

  • 'grab'

  • 'grabbing'

  • 'help'

  • 'move'

  • 'n-resize'

  • 'ne-resize'

  • 'nesw-resize'

  • 'no-drop'

  • 'none'

  • 'not-allowed'

  • 'ns-resize'

  • 'nw-resize'

  • 'nwse-resize'

  • 'pointer'

  • 'progress'

  • 'row-resize'

  • 's-resize'

  • 'se-resize'

  • 'sw-resize'

  • 'text'

  • 'vertical-text'

  • 'w-resize'

  • 'wait'

  • 'zoom-in'

  • 'zoom-out'

Return type:

str or None

property custom: JavaScriptDict | None

A reserved subspace to store options and values for customized functionality.

Here you can add additional data for your own event callbacks and formatter callbacks.

Return type:

dict or None

property dash_style: str | None

Name of the dash style to use for the graph, or for some series types the outline of each shape.

Accepts one of the following values:

  • ‘Dash’,

  • ‘DashDot’,

  • ‘Dot’,

  • ‘LongDash’,

  • ‘LongDashDot’,

  • ‘LongDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDash’,

  • ‘ShortDashDot’,

  • ‘ShortDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDot’,

  • ‘Solid’

Return type:

str or None

property data_labels: DataLabel | List[DataLabel] | None

Options for the series data labels, appearing next to each data point.

Note

To have multiple data labels per data point, you can also supply a collection of DataLabel configuration settings.

Return type:

DataLabel, list of DataLabel, or None

property data_sorting: DataSorting | None

Options for the series data sorting.

Return type:

DataSorting or None

property depth: int | float | Decimal | None

Depth of the columns in a 3D column chart. Defaults to 25.

Return type:

numeric or None

property description: str | None

A description of the series to add to the screen reader information about the series.

Return type:

str or None

property drag_drop: DragDropOptions | None

The draggable-points module allows points to be moved around or modified in the chart.

In addition to the options mentioned under the dragDrop API structure, the module fires three (JavaScript) events:

  • point.dragStart

  • point.drag

  • point.drop

Return type:

DragDropOptions or None

property edge_color: str | None

The color of the edges when rendering 3D columns. Defaults to None.

Similar to border_color, except it defaults to the same color as the column if set to None.

Return type:

str or None

property edge_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the colored edges applied to a 3D column. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property enable_mouse_tracking: bool | None

If True, enables mouse tracking for the series (used to capture point tooltips, click events on graphs and points, etc.). If False, disables mouse tracking for the series (which can help performance). Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property events: SeriesEvents | None

General event handlers for the series items.

Note

These event hooks can also be attached to the series at run time using the (JavaScript) Highcharts.addEvent() function.

Return type:

SeriesEvents or None

property find_nearest_point_by: str | None

Determines whether the series should look for the nearest point in both dimensions or just the x-dimension when hovering the series.

If None, defaults to 'xy' for scatter series and 'x' for most other series. If the data has duplicate x-values, it is recommended to set this to 'xy' to allow hovering over all points.

Applies only to series types using nearest neighbor search (not direct hover) for tooltip.

Return type:

str or None

property get_extremes_from_all: bool | None

If True, uses the Y extremes of the total chart width or only the zoomed area when zooming in on parts of the X axis. By default, the Y axis adjusts to the min and max of the visible data.

Warning

Applies to Cartesian series only.

Return type:

bool or None

property group_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each value group, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property group_z_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Spacing between columns along the Z axis in a 3D chart. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property grouping: bool | None

If True, groups non-stacked columns. If False, renders them independent of each other. Non-grouped columns will be laid out individually and overlap each other.

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property inactive_other_points: bool | None
If True, highlights only the hovered point and fades the other points.

Defaults to False.

Warning

Scatter-type series require enabling the ‘inactive’ marker state and adjusting opacity. This approach could affect performance

with large datasets.

rtype:

bool or None

property include_in_data_export: bool | None

If False, will prevent the data series from being included in any form of data export. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property keys: List[str] | None

An array specifying which option maps to which key in the data point array.

This makes it convenient to work with unstructured data arrays from different sources.

Return type:

list of str, or None

property label: SeriesLabel | None

Series labels are placed as close to the series as possible in a natural way, seeking to avoid other series. The goal of this feature is to make the chart more easily readable, like if a human designer placed the labels in the optimal position.

Note

The series labels currently work with series types having a graph or an area.

Return type:

SeriesLabel or None

property legend_symbol: str | None

The type of legend symbol to render for the series. Accepts either 'lineMarker' or 'rectangle'. Defaults to 'rectangle'.

Return type:

str

property line_width: int | float | Decimal | None

Pixel width of the graph line. Defaults to 2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property linecap: str | None

The SVG value used for the stroke-linecap and stroke-linejoin of a line graph. Defaults to 'round', which means that lines are rounded in the ends and bends.

Return type:

str or None

property linked_to: str | None

The id of another series to link to.

Hint

The value can be ':previous' to link to the previous series. When two series are linked, only the first one appears in the legend. Toggling the visibility of this also toggles the linked series.

Note

If the master series uses data sorting and linked series does not have its own sorting definition, the linked series will be sorted in the same order as the master one.

Return type:

str or None

property marker: Marker | None

Options for the point markers of line-like series.

Properties like fill_color, line_color and line_width define the visual appearance of the markers. Other series types, like column series, don’t have markers, but have visual options on the series level instead.

Return type:

Marker or None

property max_point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The maximum allowed pixel width for a column, translated to the height of a bar in a bar chart. This prevents the columns from becoming too wide when there is a small number of points in the chart. Defaults to None.

Return type:

numeric or None

property min_point_length: int | float | Decimal | None

The minimal height for a column or width for a bar. Defaults to 0.

By default, 0 values are not shown. To visualize a 0 (or close to zero) point, set the minimal point length to a pixel value like 3.

Warning

In stacked column charts, min_point_length might not be respected for tightly packed values.

Return type:

numeric or None

property negative_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color for the parts of the graph or points that are below the AreaOptions.threshold().

Note

Zones take precedence over the negative color. Using negative_color is equivalent to applying a zone with value of 0.

Return type:

None, Gradient, Pattern, or str

property on_point: OnPointOptions | None

Options for the Series on point feature, which is currently only supported by pie and sunburst chargs.

Return type:

OnPointOptions or None

property opacity: float | None

Opacity of a series parts: line, fill (e.g. area), and labels.

Return type:

float

property point: Point | None

Properties for each single point.

Return type:

Point or None

property point_description_format: str | None

A format string to use instead of the default for point descriptions on the series. Defaults to None.

Note

Overrides the chart-wide configuration, as applicable.

Return type:

str or None

property point_description_formatter: CallbackFunction | None

Same as for Accessibility.series.description_formatter(), only for an individual series. Overrides the chart-wide configuration.

Return type:

CallbackFunction or None

property point_interval: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_interval defines the interval of the x values. Defaults to 1.

For example, if a series contains one value every decade starting from year 0, set point_interval to 10. In true datetime axes, the point_interval is set in milliseconds.

Hint

point_interval can be also be combined with point_interval_unit to draw irregular time intervals.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point, and the point_interval is added x times to the point_start setting.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_interval_unit: str | None

On datetime series, this allows for setting the point_interval to irregular time units, day, month, and year.

A day is usually the same as 24 hours, but point_interval_unit also takes the DST crossover into consideration when dealing with local time.

Combine this option with point_interval to draw weeks, quarters, 6 month periods, 10 year periods, etc.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

str or None

property point_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each column or bar, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_placement: str | int | float | Decimal | None

Used to determine the placement of the point in relation to tick marks on the X axis. Defaults to None, which behaves as undefined in cartesian charts, and "between" in polar charts.

Accepts possible values:

  • 'on' - where the point will not create any padding of the X axis. In a polar column chart this means that the first column points directly north.

  • "between" - where the columns will be laid out between ticks. This is useful for example for visualising an amount between two points in time or in a certain sector of a polar chart.

  • a numeric value - where 0 is on the axis value, -0.5 is between this value and the previous, and 0.5 is between this value and the next. Unlike the textual options, numeric point placement options won’t affect axis padding.

Warning

Requires point_range to work. For column series this is computed, but for line-type series it needs to be set.

Note

For the xrange series type and gantt charts, if the Y axis is a category axis, the point_placement applies to the Y axis rather than the (typically datetime) X axis.

Return type:

str or None

property point_range: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The X axis range that each point is valid for, which determines the width of the column. Defaults to EnforcedNull, which computes the range automatically.

On a categorized axis, the range will be 1 by default (one category unit). On linear and datetime axes, the range will be computed as the distance between the two closest data points.

The default EnforcedNull means it is computed automatically, but the setting can be used to override the default value.

Note

If data_sorting is enabled, the default value is implicitly adjusted to 1.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property point_start: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_start defines on what value to start. For example, if a series contains one yearly value starting from 1945, set point_start to 1945. Defaults to 0.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point. The x value from the point options is multiplied by point_interval and added to point_start to produce a modified x value.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

A pixel value specifying a fixed width for each column or bar point. When set to None, the width is calculated from the point_padding and group_padding. Defaults to None.

The width effects the dimension that is not based on the point value. For column series, this is the hoizontal length while for bar series it is the vertical length.

Return type:

numeric or None

property relative_x_value: bool | None

When True, X values in the data set are relative to the current point_start, point_interval, and point_interval_unit settings. This allows compression of the data for datasets with irregular X values. Defaults to False.

The real X values are computed on the formula f(x) = ax + b, where a is the point_interval (optionally with a time unit given by point_interval_unit), and b is the point_start.

Return type:

bool or None

property selected: bool | None

If True, the series is selected initially (by default, without user interaction). Defaults to False.

Note

If GenericTypeOptions.show_checkbox() is True, then the checkbox will be checked if selected is True.

Return type:

bool or None

property shadow: bool | ShadowOptions | None

Configuration for the shadow to apply to the tooltip. Defaults to False.

If False, no shadow is applied.

Returns:

The shadow configuration to apply or a boolean setting which hides the shadow or displays the default shadow.

Return type:

bool or ShadowOptions

property show_checkbox: bool | None

If True, a checkbox is displayed next to the legend item to allow selecting the series.

Note

The state of the checkbox is controlled by the GenericTypeOptions.selected() property.

Return type:

bool or None

property show_in_legend: bool | None

Whether to display this particular series or series type in the legend. Standalone series are shown in the legend by default, and linked series are not.

Return type:

bool or None

property skip_keyboard_navigation: bool | None

If True, the accessibility module will skip past this series when executing keyboard navigation.

Return type:

bool or None

property soft_threshold: bool | None

When True, the series will not cause the Y axis to cross the zero plane (or threshold option) unless the data actually crosses the plane. Defaults to True.

For example, if False, a series of 0, 1, 2, 3 will make the Y axis show negative values according to the min_padidng option. If True, the Y axis starts at 0.

Return type:

bool

property sonification: SeriesSonification | None

Sonification configuration for the series type/series.

Return type:

SeriesSonification or None

property stacking: str | None

Whether to stack the values of each series on top of each other. Defaults to None.

Acceptable values are:

  • None to disable stacking,

  • "normal" to stack by value or

  • "percent"

  • 'stream' (for streamgraph series type only)

  • 'overlap' (for waterfall series type only)

Note

When stacking is enabled, data must be sorted in ascending X order.

Return type:

str or None

property states: States | None

Configuration for state-specific configuration to apply to the data series.

Return type:

States or None

property step: str | None

Whether to apply steps to the line. Defaults to None.

Possible values are:

  • None

  • 'left'

  • 'center'

  • 'right'

Return type:

str or None

property sticky_tracking: bool | None

Sticky tracking of mouse events.

When True, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is not triggered until the mouse moves over another series, or out of the plot area.

When False, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is triggered when the mouse leaves the area around the series’ graph or markers. This also implies the tooltip when not shared.

When False and PlotOptions.tooltip.shared() is also False, the tooltip will be hidden when moving the mouse between series.

Defaults to True for line and area type series, but to False for columns, pies, etc.

Note

The boost module will force this option because of technical limitations.

Return type:

bool or None

property threshold: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The Y axis value to serve as the base for the columns, for distinguishing between values above and below a threshold. Defaults to 0.

If EnforcedNullType, the columns extend from the padding Y axis minimum.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property tooltip: Tooltip | None

A configuration object for the tooltip rendering of each single series. Properties are inherited from tooltip, but only the following properties can be defined on a series level.

Return type:

Tooltip or None

property turbo_threshold: int | None

When a series contains a data array longer than this value, only one dimensional arrays of numbers, or two dimensional arrays with x and y values are allowed. Also, only the first point is tested, and the rest are assumed to be the same format. This saves expensive data checking and indexing in long series. Set it to 0 or None to disable.

Defaults to 1000.

Note

In boost mode, turbo threshold is forced. Only array of numbers or two dimensional arrays are allowed.

Return type:

int or None

property type: str

Indicates the type of series that is represented by this instance.

Warning

This proprety is read-only!

Return type:

str

property visible: bool | None

If True, the series is initially visible. If False, the series is hidden by default. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property zone_axis: str | None

Defines the Axis on which the zones are applied. Defaults to 'y'.

Return type:

str or None

property zones: List[Zone] | None

An array defining zones within a series. Defaults to None.

Zones can be applied to the X axis, Y axis or Z axis for bubbles, according to the zone_axis setting.

Warning

The zone definitions have to be in ascending order regarding to the value.

Return type:

None or list of Zone instances


class: ColumnRangeOptions

class ColumnRangeOptions(**kwargs)[source]

General options to apply to all Column Range series types.

The column range is a cartesian series type with higher and lower Y values along an X axis.

Hint

To display horizontal bars, set Chart.inverted() to True.

ColumnRange Example Chart
Class Inheritance
Inheritance diagram of ColumnRangeOptions

copy(other=None, overwrite=True, **kwargs)

Copy the configuration settings from this instance to the other instance.

Parameters:
  • other (HighchartsMeta) – The target instance to which the properties of this instance should be copied. If None, will create a new instance and populate it with properties copied from self. Defaults to None.

  • overwrite (bool) – if True, properties in other that are already set will be overwritten by their counterparts in self. Defaults to True.

  • kwargs – Additional keyword arguments. Some special descendents of HighchartsMeta may have special implementations of this method which rely on additional keyword arguments.

Returns:

A mutated version of other with new property values

classmethod from_dict(as_dict: dict, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a dict object.

Parameters:
  • as_dict (dict) – A dict representation of the object.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python object representation of as_dict.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_js_literal(as_str_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True, _break_loop_on_failure: bool = False)

Return a Python object representation of a Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • as_str_or_file (str) – The JavaScript object literal, represented either as a str or as a filename which contains the JS object literal.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

  • _break_loop_on_failure (bool) – If True, will break any looping operations in the event of a failure. Otherwise, will attempt to repair the failure. Defaults to False.

Returns:

A Python object representation of the Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_json(as_json_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a JSON string.

Parameters:
  • as_json_or_file – The JSON string for the object or the filename of a file that contains the JSON string.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python objcet representation of as_json.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

get_required_modules(include_extension=False) List[str]

Return the list of URLs from which the Highcharts JavaScript modules needed to render the chart can be retrieved.

Parameters:

include_extension (bool) – if True, will return script names with the '.js' extension included. Defaults to False.

Return type:

list of str

to_dict() dict

Generate a dict representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

The dict representation has a property structure and naming convention that is intentionally consistent with the Highcharts JavaScript library. This is not Pythonic, but it makes managing the interplay between the two languages much, much simpler.

Returns:

A dict representation of the object.

Return type:

dict

to_js_literal(filename=None, encoding='utf-8', careful_validation=False) str | None

Return the object represented as a str containing the JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JavaScript object literal should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

  • careful_validation – if True, will carefully validate JavaScript values

along the way using the esprima-python library. Defaults to False.

Warning

Setting this value to True will significantly degrade serialization performance, though it may prove useful for debugging purposes.

Return type:

str or None

to_json(filename=None, encoding='utf-8')

Generate a JSON string/byte string representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

This method will either return a standard str or a bytes object depending on the JSON serialization library you are using. For example, if your environment has orjson, the result will be a bytes representation of the string.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JSON string should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

Returns:

A JSON representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts library.

Return type:

str or bytes

static trim_dict(untrimmed: dict, to_json: bool = False, context: str = None) dict

Remove keys from untrimmed whose values are None and convert values that have .to_dict() methods.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (dict) – The dict whose values may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all keys from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Returns:

Trimmed dict

Return type:

dict

static trim_iterable(untrimmed, to_json=False, context: str = None)

Convert any EnforcedNullType values in untrimmed to 'null'.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (iterable) – The iterable whose members may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all members from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Return type:

iterable

property accessibility: TypeOptionsAccessibility | None

Accessibility options for a series.

Return type:

TypeOptionsAccessibility or None

property allow_point_select: bool | None

Allow this series’ points to be selected by clicking on the graphic (columns, point markers, pie slices, map areas etc).

The selected points can be handled in JavaScript by point select and unselect events, or collectively by the (JavaScript) getSelectedPoints() function.

And alternative way of selecting points is through dragging.

Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property animation: AnimationOptions | None

Enable or disable the initial animation when a series is displayed.

The animation can also be set as a configuration object. Please note that this option only applies to the initial animation of the series itself. For other animations, see Chart.animation and the animation parameter under the (JavaScript) API methods. The following properties are supported:

  • defer: The animation delay time in milliseconds.

  • duration: The duration of the animation in milliseconds.

  • easing: Can be a string reference to an easing function set on the Math object or a function.

Warning

Due to poor performance, animation is disabled in old IE browsers for several chart types.

Return type:

AnimationOptions or None

property animation_limit: int | float | Decimal | None

For some series, there is a limit that shuts down initial animation by default when the total number of points in the chart is too high. Defaults to None.

For example, for a column chart and its derivatives, animation does not run if there is more than 250 points totally. To disable this cap, set animation_limit to float("inf") (which represents infinity).

Return type:

numeric or None

property boost_blending: str | None

Sets the color blending in the boost module. Defaults to None.

Return type:

str or None

property boost_threshold: int | None

Set the point threshold for when a series should enter boost mode. Defaults to 5000.

Setting it to e.g. 2000 will cause the series to enter boost mode when there are 2,000 or more points in the series.

To disable boosting on the series, set the boost_threshold to 0. Setting it to 1 will force boosting.

Note

The AreaOptions.crop_threshold() also affects this setting.

When zooming in on a series that has fewer points than the crop_threshold, all points are rendered although outside the visible plot area, and the boost_threshold won’t take effect.

Return type:

int or None

property border_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to '#ffffff'.

Return type:

str or None

property border_radius: int | float | Decimal | None

The corner radius of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to 0.

Return type:

numeric or None

property border_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the border surrounding each column or bar. If None, defaults to 1 when there is room for a border, but to 0 when the columns are so dense that a border would cover the next column.

Return type:

numeric or None

property center_in_category: bool | None

If True, the columns will center in the category, ignoring null or missing points. When False, space will be reserved for null or missing points. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property class_name: str | None

The additional CSS class name to apply to the series’ graphical elements.

Note

This option is additive to the default class names - it does not replace them.

Return type:

str or None

property clip: bool | None

If False, allows the series to be rendered in the entire plot area. If True, constrains where the series can be rendered within the plot area. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The main color of the series.

In line type series it applies to the line and the point markers unless otherwise specified. In bar type series it applies to the bars unless a color is specified per point. The default value is pulled from the Options.colors() array.

Returns:

The main color applied to the series.

Return type:

str, Gradient, Pattern`, or None

property color_axis: str | int | bool | None

When using dual or multiple color axes, this setting defines which color axis the particular series is connected to. It refers to either the ColorAxis.id() or the index of the axis in the ColorAxis array, with 0 being the first. Set this option to False to prevent a series from connecting to the default color axis.

Defaults to 0.

Return type:

None or str or int or bool

property color_by_point: bool | None

When using automatic point colors pulled from the global colors or series-specific collections, this option determines whether the chart should receive one color per series (False) or one color per point (True).

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color_index: int | None

When operating in styled mode, a specific color index to use for the series, so that its graphic representations are given the class name highcharts-color-{n}.

Tip

New in version Highcharts: (JS) v.11

With Highcharts (JS) v.11, using CSS variables of the form --highcharts-color-{n} make changing the color scheme very simple.

Defaults to None.

Return type:

int or None

property color_key: str | None

Determines what data value should be used to calculate point color if AreaOptions.color_axis() is used.

Note

Requires to set min and max if some custom point property is used or if approximation for data grouping is set to 'sum'.

Return type:

str or None

property colors: List[str | Gradient | Pattern] | None

A series-specific or series type-specific color set to apply instead of the global colors when BarOptions.color_by_point() is True.

Return type:

list of str, Gradient, or Pattern OR None

property connect_ends: bool | None

If True, connect the ends of a line series plot across the extremes. Defaults to None.

Warning

Applies to polar charts only.

Return type:

bool or None

property connect_nulls: bool | None

If True, connect a graph line across null points. If False, renders a gap between the points on either side of the null point. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property crisp: bool | None

If True, each point or column edge is rounded to its nearest pixel in order to render sharp on screen. Defaults to True.

Hint

In some cases, when there are a lot of densely packed columns, this leads to visible difference in column widths or distance between columns. In these cases, setting crisp to False may look better, even though each column is rendered blurry.

Return type:

bool or None

property crop_threshold: int | None

When the series contains less points than the crop threshold, all points are drawn, even if the points fall outside the visible plot area at the current zoom. Defaults to 300.

The advantage of drawing all points (including markers and columns), is that animation is performed on updates. On the other hand, when the series contains more points than the crop threshold, the series data is cropped to only contain points that fall within the plot area. The advantage of cropping away invisible points is to increase performance on large series.

Return type:

int or None

property cursor: str | None

The style of cursor to use when the user’s mouse hovers over the data series.

Acceptable values are:

  • 'alias'

  • 'all-scroll'

  • 'auto'

  • 'cell'

  • 'col-resize'

  • 'context-menu'

  • 'copy'

  • 'crosshair'

  • 'default'

  • 'e-resize'

  • 'ew-resize'

  • 'grab'

  • 'grabbing'

  • 'help'

  • 'move'

  • 'n-resize'

  • 'ne-resize'

  • 'nesw-resize'

  • 'no-drop'

  • 'none'

  • 'not-allowed'

  • 'ns-resize'

  • 'nw-resize'

  • 'nwse-resize'

  • 'pointer'

  • 'progress'

  • 'row-resize'

  • 's-resize'

  • 'se-resize'

  • 'sw-resize'

  • 'text'

  • 'vertical-text'

  • 'w-resize'

  • 'wait'

  • 'zoom-in'

  • 'zoom-out'

Return type:

str or None

property custom: JavaScriptDict | None

A reserved subspace to store options and values for customized functionality.

Here you can add additional data for your own event callbacks and formatter callbacks.

Return type:

dict or None

property dash_style: str | None

Name of the dash style to use for the graph, or for some series types the outline of each shape.

Accepts one of the following values:

  • ‘Dash’,

  • ‘DashDot’,

  • ‘Dot’,

  • ‘LongDash’,

  • ‘LongDashDot’,

  • ‘LongDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDash’,

  • ‘ShortDashDot’,

  • ‘ShortDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDot’,

  • ‘Solid’

Return type:

str or None

property data_labels: DataLabel | List[DataLabel] | None

Options for the series data labels, appearing next to each data point.

Note

To have multiple data labels per data point, you can also supply a collection of DataLabel configuration settings.

Return type:

DataLabel, list of DataLabel, or None

property data_sorting: DataSorting | None

Options for the series data sorting.

Return type:

DataSorting or None

property depth: int | float | Decimal | None

Depth of the columns in a 3D column chart. Defaults to 25.

Return type:

numeric or None

property description: str | None

A description of the series to add to the screen reader information about the series.

Return type:

str or None

property drag_drop: DragDropOptions | None

The draggable-points module allows points to be moved around or modified in the chart.

In addition to the options mentioned under the dragDrop API structure, the module fires three (JavaScript) events:

  • point.dragStart

  • point.drag

  • point.drop

Return type:

DragDropOptions or None

property edge_color: str | None

The color of the edges when rendering 3D columns. Defaults to None.

Similar to border_color, except it defaults to the same color as the column if set to None.

Return type:

str or None

property edge_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the colored edges applied to a 3D column. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property enable_mouse_tracking: bool | None

If True, enables mouse tracking for the series (used to capture point tooltips, click events on graphs and points, etc.). If False, disables mouse tracking for the series (which can help performance). Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property events: SeriesEvents | None

General event handlers for the series items.

Note

These event hooks can also be attached to the series at run time using the (JavaScript) Highcharts.addEvent() function.

Return type:

SeriesEvents or None

property find_nearest_point_by: str | None

Determines whether the series should look for the nearest point in both dimensions or just the x-dimension when hovering the series.

If None, defaults to 'xy' for scatter series and 'x' for most other series. If the data has duplicate x-values, it is recommended to set this to 'xy' to allow hovering over all points.

Applies only to series types using nearest neighbor search (not direct hover) for tooltip.

Return type:

str or None

property get_extremes_from_all: bool | None

If True, uses the Y extremes of the total chart width or only the zoomed area when zooming in on parts of the X axis. By default, the Y axis adjusts to the min and max of the visible data.

Warning

Applies to Cartesian series only.

Return type:

bool or None

property group_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each value group, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property group_z_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Spacing between columns along the Z axis in a 3D chart. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property grouping: bool | None

If True, groups non-stacked columns. If False, renders them independent of each other. Non-grouped columns will be laid out individually and overlap each other.

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property inactive_other_points: bool | None
If True, highlights only the hovered point and fades the other points.

Defaults to False.

Warning

Scatter-type series require enabling the ‘inactive’ marker state and adjusting opacity. This approach could affect performance

with large datasets.

rtype:

bool or None

property include_in_data_export: bool | None

If False, will prevent the data series from being included in any form of data export. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property keys: List[str] | None

An array specifying which option maps to which key in the data point array.

This makes it convenient to work with unstructured data arrays from different sources.

Return type:

list of str, or None

property label: SeriesLabel | None

Series labels are placed as close to the series as possible in a natural way, seeking to avoid other series. The goal of this feature is to make the chart more easily readable, like if a human designer placed the labels in the optimal position.

Note

The series labels currently work with series types having a graph or an area.

Return type:

SeriesLabel or None

property legend_symbol: str | None

The type of legend symbol to render for the series. Accepts either 'lineMarker' or 'rectangle'. Defaults to 'rectangle'.

Return type:

str

property line_width: int | float | Decimal | None

Pixel width of the graph line. Defaults to 2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property linecap: str | None

The SVG value used for the stroke-linecap and stroke-linejoin of a line graph. Defaults to 'round', which means that lines are rounded in the ends and bends.

Return type:

str or None

property linked_to: str | None

The id of another series to link to.

Hint

The value can be ':previous' to link to the previous series. When two series are linked, only the first one appears in the legend. Toggling the visibility of this also toggles the linked series.

Note

If the master series uses data sorting and linked series does not have its own sorting definition, the linked series will be sorted in the same order as the master one.

Return type:

str or None

property marker: Marker | None

Options for the point markers of line-like series.

Properties like fill_color, line_color and line_width define the visual appearance of the markers. Other series types, like column series, don’t have markers, but have visual options on the series level instead.

Return type:

Marker or None

property max_point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The maximum allowed pixel width for a column, translated to the height of a bar in a bar chart. This prevents the columns from becoming too wide when there is a small number of points in the chart. Defaults to None.

Return type:

numeric or None

property min_point_length: int | float | Decimal | None

The minimal height for a column or width for a bar. Defaults to 0.

By default, 0 values are not shown. To visualize a 0 (or close to zero) point, set the minimal point length to a pixel value like 3.

Warning

In stacked column charts, min_point_length might not be respected for tightly packed values.

Return type:

numeric or None

property negative_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color for the parts of the graph or points that are below the AreaOptions.threshold().

Note

Zones take precedence over the negative color. Using negative_color is equivalent to applying a zone with value of 0.

Return type:

None, Gradient, Pattern, or str

property on_point: OnPointOptions | None

Options for the Series on point feature, which is currently only supported by pie and sunburst chargs.

Return type:

OnPointOptions or None

property opacity: float | None

Opacity of a series parts: line, fill (e.g. area), and labels.

Return type:

float

property point: Point | None

Properties for each single point.

Return type:

Point or None

property point_description_format: str | None

A format string to use instead of the default for point descriptions on the series. Defaults to None.

Note

Overrides the chart-wide configuration, as applicable.

Return type:

str or None

property point_description_formatter: CallbackFunction | None

Same as for Accessibility.series.description_formatter(), only for an individual series. Overrides the chart-wide configuration.

Return type:

CallbackFunction or None

property point_interval: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_interval defines the interval of the x values. Defaults to 1.

For example, if a series contains one value every decade starting from year 0, set point_interval to 10. In true datetime axes, the point_interval is set in milliseconds.

Hint

point_interval can be also be combined with point_interval_unit to draw irregular time intervals.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point, and the point_interval is added x times to the point_start setting.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_interval_unit: str | None

On datetime series, this allows for setting the point_interval to irregular time units, day, month, and year.

A day is usually the same as 24 hours, but point_interval_unit also takes the DST crossover into consideration when dealing with local time.

Combine this option with point_interval to draw weeks, quarters, 6 month periods, 10 year periods, etc.

Warning

This options applies to the series data, not the interval of the axis ticks, which is independent.

Return type:

str or None

property point_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each column or bar, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_placement: str | int | float | Decimal | None

Used to determine the placement of the point in relation to tick marks on the X axis. Defaults to None, which behaves as undefined in cartesian charts, and "between" in polar charts.

Accepts possible values:

  • 'on' - where the point will not create any padding of the X axis. In a polar column chart this means that the first column points directly north.

  • "between" - where the columns will be laid out between ticks. This is useful for example for visualising an amount between two points in time or in a certain sector of a polar chart.

  • a numeric value - where 0 is on the axis value, -0.5 is between this value and the previous, and 0.5 is between this value and the next. Unlike the textual options, numeric point placement options won’t affect axis padding.

Warning

Requires point_range to work. For column series this is computed, but for line-type series it needs to be set.

Note

For the xrange series type and gantt charts, if the Y axis is a category axis, the point_placement applies to the Y axis rather than the (typically datetime) X axis.

Return type:

str or None

property point_range: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The X axis range that each point is valid for, which determines the width of the column. Defaults to EnforcedNull, which computes the range automatically.

On a categorized axis, the range will be 1 by default (one category unit). On linear and datetime axes, the range will be computed as the distance between the two closest data points.

The default EnforcedNull means it is computed automatically, but the setting can be used to override the default value.

Note

If data_sorting is enabled, the default value is implicitly adjusted to 1.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property point_start: int | float | Decimal | None

If no x values are given for the points in a series, point_start defines on what value to start. For example, if a series contains one yearly value starting from 1945, set point_start to 1945. Defaults to 0.

Note

If combined with relative_x_value, an x value can be set on each point. The x value from the point options is multiplied by point_interval and added to point_start to produce a modified x value.

Return type:

numeric or None

property point_width: int | float | Decimal | None

A pixel value specifying a fixed width for each column or bar point. When set to None, the width is calculated from the point_padding and group_padding. Defaults to None.

The width effects the dimension that is not based on the point value. For column series, this is the hoizontal length while for bar series it is the vertical length.

Return type:

numeric or None

property relative_x_value: bool | None

When True, X values in the data set are relative to the current point_start, point_interval, and point_interval_unit settings. This allows compression of the data for datasets with irregular X values. Defaults to False.

The real X values are computed on the formula f(x) = ax + b, where a is the point_interval (optionally with a time unit given by point_interval_unit), and b is the point_start.

Return type:

bool or None

property selected: bool | None

If True, the series is selected initially (by default, without user interaction). Defaults to False.

Note

If GenericTypeOptions.show_checkbox() is True, then the checkbox will be checked if selected is True.

Return type:

bool or None

property shadow: bool | ShadowOptions | None

Configuration for the shadow to apply to the tooltip. Defaults to False.

If False, no shadow is applied.

Returns:

The shadow configuration to apply or a boolean setting which hides the shadow or displays the default shadow.

Return type:

bool or ShadowOptions

property show_checkbox: bool | None

If True, a checkbox is displayed next to the legend item to allow selecting the series.

Note

The state of the checkbox is controlled by the GenericTypeOptions.selected() property.

Return type:

bool or None

property show_in_legend: bool | None

Whether to display this particular series or series type in the legend. Standalone series are shown in the legend by default, and linked series are not.

Return type:

bool or None

property skip_keyboard_navigation: bool | None

If True, the accessibility module will skip past this series when executing keyboard navigation.

Return type:

bool or None

property soft_threshold: bool | None

When True, the series will not cause the Y axis to cross the zero plane (or threshold option) unless the data actually crosses the plane. Defaults to True.

For example, if False, a series of 0, 1, 2, 3 will make the Y axis show negative values according to the min_padidng option. If True, the Y axis starts at 0.

Return type:

bool

property sonification: SeriesSonification | None

Sonification configuration for the series type/series.

Return type:

SeriesSonification or None

property stacking: str | None

Whether to stack the values of each series on top of each other. Defaults to None.

Acceptable values are:

  • None to disable stacking,

  • "normal" to stack by value or

  • "percent"

  • 'stream' (for streamgraph series type only)

  • 'overlap' (for waterfall series type only)

Note

When stacking is enabled, data must be sorted in ascending X order.

Return type:

str or None

property states: States | None

Configuration for state-specific configuration to apply to the data series.

Return type:

States or None

property step: str | None

Whether to apply steps to the line. Defaults to None.

Possible values are:

  • None

  • 'left'

  • 'center'

  • 'right'

Return type:

str or None

property sticky_tracking: bool | None

Sticky tracking of mouse events.

When True, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is not triggered until the mouse moves over another series, or out of the plot area.

When False, the (JavaScript) mouseOut event on a series is triggered when the mouse leaves the area around the series’ graph or markers. This also implies the tooltip when not shared.

When False and PlotOptions.tooltip.shared() is also False, the tooltip will be hidden when moving the mouse between series.

Defaults to True for line and area type series, but to False for columns, pies, etc.

Note

The boost module will force this option because of technical limitations.

Return type:

bool or None

property threshold: int | float | Decimal | EnforcedNullType | None

The Y axis value to serve as the base for the columns, for distinguishing between values above and below a threshold. Defaults to 0.

If EnforcedNullType, the columns extend from the padding Y axis minimum.

Return type:

numeric or EnforcedNullType or None

property tooltip: Tooltip | None

A configuration object for the tooltip rendering of each single series. Properties are inherited from tooltip, but only the following properties can be defined on a series level.

Return type:

Tooltip or None

property turbo_threshold: int | None

When a series contains a data array longer than this value, only one dimensional arrays of numbers, or two dimensional arrays with x and y values are allowed. Also, only the first point is tested, and the rest are assumed to be the same format. This saves expensive data checking and indexing in long series. Set it to 0 or None to disable.

Defaults to 1000.

Note

In boost mode, turbo threshold is forced. Only array of numbers or two dimensional arrays are allowed.

Return type:

int or None

property type: str

Indicates the type of series that is represented by this instance.

Warning

This proprety is read-only!

Return type:

str

property visible: bool | None

If True, the series is initially visible. If False, the series is hidden by default. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property zone_axis: str | None

Defines the Axis on which the zones are applied. Defaults to 'y'.

Return type:

str or None

property zones: List[Zone] | None

An array defining zones within a series. Defaults to None.

Zones can be applied to the X axis, Y axis or Z axis for bubbles, according to the zone_axis setting.

Warning

The zone definitions have to be in ascending order regarding to the value.

Return type:

None or list of Zone instances


class: CylinderOptions

class CylinderOptions(**kwargs)[source]

General options to apply to all Cylinder series types.

A cylinder graph is a variation of a 3d column graph. The cylinder graph features cylindrical points.

Cylinder Example Chart
Class Inheritance
Inheritance diagram of CylinderOptions

copy(other=None, overwrite=True, **kwargs)

Copy the configuration settings from this instance to the other instance.

Parameters:
  • other (HighchartsMeta) – The target instance to which the properties of this instance should be copied. If None, will create a new instance and populate it with properties copied from self. Defaults to None.

  • overwrite (bool) – if True, properties in other that are already set will be overwritten by their counterparts in self. Defaults to True.

  • kwargs – Additional keyword arguments. Some special descendents of HighchartsMeta may have special implementations of this method which rely on additional keyword arguments.

Returns:

A mutated version of other with new property values

classmethod from_dict(as_dict: dict, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a dict object.

Parameters:
  • as_dict (dict) – A dict representation of the object.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python object representation of as_dict.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_js_literal(as_str_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True, _break_loop_on_failure: bool = False)

Return a Python object representation of a Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • as_str_or_file (str) – The JavaScript object literal, represented either as a str or as a filename which contains the JS object literal.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

  • _break_loop_on_failure (bool) – If True, will break any looping operations in the event of a failure. Otherwise, will attempt to repair the failure. Defaults to False.

Returns:

A Python object representation of the Highcharts JavaScript object literal.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

classmethod from_json(as_json_or_file, allow_snake_case: bool = True)

Construct an instance of the class from a JSON string.

Parameters:
  • as_json_or_file – The JSON string for the object or the filename of a file that contains the JSON string.

  • allow_snake_case (bool) – If True, interprets snake_case keys as equivalent to camelCase keys. Defaults to True.

Returns:

A Python objcet representation of as_json.

Return type:

HighchartsMeta

get_required_modules(include_extension=False) List[str]

Return the list of URLs from which the Highcharts JavaScript modules needed to render the chart can be retrieved.

Parameters:

include_extension (bool) – if True, will return script names with the '.js' extension included. Defaults to False.

Return type:

list of str

to_dict() dict

Generate a dict representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

The dict representation has a property structure and naming convention that is intentionally consistent with the Highcharts JavaScript library. This is not Pythonic, but it makes managing the interplay between the two languages much, much simpler.

Returns:

A dict representation of the object.

Return type:

dict

to_js_literal(filename=None, encoding='utf-8', careful_validation=False) str | None

Return the object represented as a str containing the JavaScript object literal.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JavaScript object literal should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

  • careful_validation – if True, will carefully validate JavaScript values

along the way using the esprima-python library. Defaults to False.

Warning

Setting this value to True will significantly degrade serialization performance, though it may prove useful for debugging purposes.

Return type:

str or None

to_json(filename=None, encoding='utf-8')

Generate a JSON string/byte string representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts JavaScript library.

Note

This method will either return a standard str or a bytes object depending on the JSON serialization library you are using. For example, if your environment has orjson, the result will be a bytes representation of the string.

Parameters:
  • filename (Path-like) – The name of a file to which the JSON string should be persisted. Defaults to None

  • encoding (str) – The character encoding to apply to the resulting object. Defaults to 'utf-8'.

Returns:

A JSON representation of the object compatible with the Highcharts library.

Return type:

str or bytes

static trim_dict(untrimmed: dict, to_json: bool = False, context: str = None) dict

Remove keys from untrimmed whose values are None and convert values that have .to_dict() methods.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (dict) – The dict whose values may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all keys from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Returns:

Trimmed dict

Return type:

dict

static trim_iterable(untrimmed, to_json=False, context: str = None)

Convert any EnforcedNullType values in untrimmed to 'null'.

Parameters:
  • untrimmed (iterable) – The iterable whose members may still be None or Python objects.

  • to_json (bool) – If True, will remove all members from untrimmed that are not serializable to JSON. Defaults to False.

  • context (str or None) – If provided, will inform the method of the context in which it is being run which may inform special handling cases (e.g. where empty strings may be important / allowable). Defaults to None.

Return type:

iterable

property accessibility: TypeOptionsAccessibility | None

Accessibility options for a series.

Return type:

TypeOptionsAccessibility or None

property allow_point_select: bool | None

Allow this series’ points to be selected by clicking on the graphic (columns, point markers, pie slices, map areas etc).

The selected points can be handled in JavaScript by point select and unselect events, or collectively by the (JavaScript) getSelectedPoints() function.

And alternative way of selecting points is through dragging.

Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property animation: AnimationOptions | None

Enable or disable the initial animation when a series is displayed.

The animation can also be set as a configuration object. Please note that this option only applies to the initial animation of the series itself. For other animations, see Chart.animation and the animation parameter under the (JavaScript) API methods. The following properties are supported:

  • defer: The animation delay time in milliseconds.

  • duration: The duration of the animation in milliseconds.

  • easing: Can be a string reference to an easing function set on the Math object or a function.

Warning

Due to poor performance, animation is disabled in old IE browsers for several chart types.

Return type:

AnimationOptions or None

property animation_limit: int | float | Decimal | None

For some series, there is a limit that shuts down initial animation by default when the total number of points in the chart is too high. Defaults to None.

For example, for a column chart and its derivatives, animation does not run if there is more than 250 points totally. To disable this cap, set animation_limit to float("inf") (which represents infinity).

Return type:

numeric or None

property boost_blending: str | None

Sets the color blending in the boost module. Defaults to None.

Return type:

str or None

property boost_threshold: int | None

Set the point threshold for when a series should enter boost mode. Defaults to 5000.

Setting it to e.g. 2000 will cause the series to enter boost mode when there are 2,000 or more points in the series.

To disable boosting on the series, set the boost_threshold to 0. Setting it to 1 will force boosting.

Note

The AreaOptions.crop_threshold() also affects this setting.

When zooming in on a series that has fewer points than the crop_threshold, all points are rendered although outside the visible plot area, and the boost_threshold won’t take effect.

Return type:

int or None

property border_color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The color of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to '#ffffff'.

Return type:

str or None

property border_radius: int | float | Decimal | None

The corner radius of the border surrounding each column or bar. Defaults to 0.

Return type:

numeric or None

property border_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the border surrounding each column or bar. If None, defaults to 1 when there is room for a border, but to 0 when the columns are so dense that a border would cover the next column.

Return type:

numeric or None

property center_in_category: bool | None

If True, the columns will center in the category, ignoring null or missing points. When False, space will be reserved for null or missing points. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property class_name: str | None

The additional CSS class name to apply to the series’ graphical elements.

Note

This option is additive to the default class names - it does not replace them.

Return type:

str or None

property clip: bool | None

If False, allows the series to be rendered in the entire plot area. If True, constrains where the series can be rendered within the plot area. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color: str | Gradient | Pattern | None

The main color of the series.

In line type series it applies to the line and the point markers unless otherwise specified. In bar type series it applies to the bars unless a color is specified per point. The default value is pulled from the Options.colors() array.

Returns:

The main color applied to the series.

Return type:

str, Gradient, Pattern`, or None

property color_axis: str | int | bool | None

When using dual or multiple color axes, this setting defines which color axis the particular series is connected to. It refers to either the ColorAxis.id() or the index of the axis in the ColorAxis array, with 0 being the first. Set this option to False to prevent a series from connecting to the default color axis.

Defaults to 0.

Return type:

None or str or int or bool

property color_by_point: bool | None

When using automatic point colors pulled from the global colors or series-specific collections, this option determines whether the chart should receive one color per series (False) or one color per point (True).

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property color_index: int | None

When operating in styled mode, a specific color index to use for the series, so that its graphic representations are given the class name highcharts-color-{n}.

Tip

New in version Highcharts: (JS) v.11

With Highcharts (JS) v.11, using CSS variables of the form --highcharts-color-{n} make changing the color scheme very simple.

Defaults to None.

Return type:

int or None

property color_key: str | None

Determines what data value should be used to calculate point color if AreaOptions.color_axis() is used.

Note

Requires to set min and max if some custom point property is used or if approximation for data grouping is set to 'sum'.

Return type:

str or None

property colors: List[str | Gradient | Pattern] | None

A series-specific or series type-specific color set to apply instead of the global colors when BarOptions.color_by_point() is True.

Return type:

list of str, Gradient, or Pattern OR None

property connect_ends: bool | None

If True, connect the ends of a line series plot across the extremes. Defaults to None.

Warning

Applies to polar charts only.

Return type:

bool or None

property connect_nulls: bool | None

If True, connect a graph line across null points. If False, renders a gap between the points on either side of the null point. Defaults to False.

Return type:

bool or None

property crisp: bool | None

If True, each point or column edge is rounded to its nearest pixel in order to render sharp on screen. Defaults to True.

Hint

In some cases, when there are a lot of densely packed columns, this leads to visible difference in column widths or distance between columns. In these cases, setting crisp to False may look better, even though each column is rendered blurry.

Return type:

bool or None

property crop_threshold: int | None

When the series contains less points than the crop threshold, all points are drawn, even if the points fall outside the visible plot area at the current zoom. Defaults to 300.

The advantage of drawing all points (including markers and columns), is that animation is performed on updates. On the other hand, when the series contains more points than the crop threshold, the series data is cropped to only contain points that fall within the plot area. The advantage of cropping away invisible points is to increase performance on large series.

Return type:

int or None

property cursor: str | None

The style of cursor to use when the user’s mouse hovers over the data series.

Acceptable values are:

  • 'alias'

  • 'all-scroll'

  • 'auto'

  • 'cell'

  • 'col-resize'

  • 'context-menu'

  • 'copy'

  • 'crosshair'

  • 'default'

  • 'e-resize'

  • 'ew-resize'

  • 'grab'

  • 'grabbing'

  • 'help'

  • 'move'

  • 'n-resize'

  • 'ne-resize'

  • 'nesw-resize'

  • 'no-drop'

  • 'none'

  • 'not-allowed'

  • 'ns-resize'

  • 'nw-resize'

  • 'nwse-resize'

  • 'pointer'

  • 'progress'

  • 'row-resize'

  • 's-resize'

  • 'se-resize'

  • 'sw-resize'

  • 'text'

  • 'vertical-text'

  • 'w-resize'

  • 'wait'

  • 'zoom-in'

  • 'zoom-out'

Return type:

str or None

property custom: JavaScriptDict | None

A reserved subspace to store options and values for customized functionality.

Here you can add additional data for your own event callbacks and formatter callbacks.

Return type:

dict or None

property dash_style: str | None

Name of the dash style to use for the graph, or for some series types the outline of each shape.

Accepts one of the following values:

  • ‘Dash’,

  • ‘DashDot’,

  • ‘Dot’,

  • ‘LongDash’,

  • ‘LongDashDot’,

  • ‘LongDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDash’,

  • ‘ShortDashDot’,

  • ‘ShortDashDotDot’,

  • ‘ShortDot’,

  • ‘Solid’

Return type:

str or None

property data_labels: DataLabel | List[DataLabel] | None

Options for the series data labels, appearing next to each data point.

Note

To have multiple data labels per data point, you can also supply a collection of DataLabel configuration settings.

Return type:

DataLabel, list of DataLabel, or None

property data_sorting: DataSorting | None

Options for the series data sorting.

Return type:

DataSorting or None

property depth: int | float | Decimal | None

Depth of the columns in a 3D column chart. Defaults to 25.

Return type:

numeric or None

property description: str | None

A description of the series to add to the screen reader information about the series.

Return type:

str or None

property drag_drop: DragDropOptions | None

The draggable-points module allows points to be moved around or modified in the chart.

In addition to the options mentioned under the dragDrop API structure, the module fires three (JavaScript) events:

  • point.dragStart

  • point.drag

  • point.drop

Return type:

DragDropOptions or None

property edge_color: str | None

The color of the edges when rendering 3D columns. Defaults to None.

Similar to border_color, except it defaults to the same color as the column if set to None.

Return type:

str or None

property edge_width: int | float | Decimal | None

The width of the colored edges applied to a 3D column. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property enable_mouse_tracking: bool | None

If True, enables mouse tracking for the series (used to capture point tooltips, click events on graphs and points, etc.). If False, disables mouse tracking for the series (which can help performance). Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property events: SeriesEvents | None

General event handlers for the series items.

Note

These event hooks can also be attached to the series at run time using the (JavaScript) Highcharts.addEvent() function.

Return type:

SeriesEvents or None

property find_nearest_point_by: str | None

Determines whether the series should look for the nearest point in both dimensions or just the x-dimension when hovering the series.

If None, defaults to 'xy' for scatter series and 'x' for most other series. If the data has duplicate x-values, it is recommended to set this to 'xy' to allow hovering over all points.

Applies only to series types using nearest neighbor search (not direct hover) for tooltip.

Return type:

str or None

property get_extremes_from_all: bool | None

If True, uses the Y extremes of the total chart width or only the zoomed area when zooming in on parts of the X axis. By default, the Y axis adjusts to the min and max of the visible data.

Warning

Applies to Cartesian series only.

Return type:

bool or None

property group_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Padding between each value group, in x axis units. Defaults to 0.2.

Return type:

numeric or None

property group_z_padding: int | float | Decimal | None

Spacing between columns along the Z axis in a 3D chart. Defaults to 1.

Return type:

numeric or None

property grouping: bool | None

If True, groups non-stacked columns. If False, renders them independent of each other. Non-grouped columns will be laid out individually and overlap each other.

Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property inactive_other_points: bool | None
If True, highlights only the hovered point and fades the other points.

Defaults to False.

Warning

Scatter-type series require enabling the ‘inactive’ marker state and adjusting opacity. This approach could affect performance

with large datasets.

rtype:

bool or None

property include_in_data_export: bool | None

If False, will prevent the data series from being included in any form of data export. Defaults to True.

Return type:

bool or None

property keys: List[str] | None

An array specifying which option maps to which key in the data point array.

This makes it convenient to work with unstructured data arrays from different sources.

Return type:

list of str, or None

property label: SeriesLabel | None

Series labels are placed as close to the series as possible in a natural way, seeking to avoid other series. The goal of this feature is to make the chart more easily readable, like if a human designer placed the labels in the optimal position.

Note

The series labels currently work with series types having a graph or an area.

Return type:

SeriesLabel or None

property legend_symbol: str | None

The type of legend symbol to render for the series. Accepts either 'lineMarker' or 'rectangle'. Defaults to 'rectangle'.

Return type:

str

property line_width: